Bioengineering inspired by Nature
to improve our lives
There are many examples of materials in nature that have unique properties of use. Some of the major applications of biomimetic science are found in the field of biomaterials, involving the synthesis or copying of biological materials and their application in practical designs.
A biomaterial is any substance that has been engineered to interact with biological systems, normally for a medical purpose, either a therapeutic (treat, augment, repair or replace a tissue function of the body) or a diagnostic one.
This concept has been extended in recent years and biomaterials have been developed for other applications, such as architecture and engineering, among others.
Biology, Chemistry and Engineering at the service of the human being
The behaviour and synthesis of biomaterials is aimed at avoiding the use of high temperatures and dangerous chemicals, often implemented in human-made constructions, which are usually incompatible with natural alternatives.
One of the biggest advantages of biomaterials is that they are biodegradable. This means that they easily decompose into the elements they consist of through the action of biological agents such as plants, animals, microorganisms and fungi, under natural environmental conditions.
Living materials for our life
The SARS-COV-2 pandemic, coupled with the effects of climate change that we have been dealing with for years, explains the need to look for products that are less harmful to our health and the environment. These aspects, together with the similar future pandemics that are likely to emerge, are calling for increasingly safer environments to fight against the transmission of diseases or environmental contamination, especially in those environments exposed to harsh and dangerous conditions for humans.
That’s why at NATUREMIMETIX we have created the Biomaterials area, where we intend on providing solutions to different problems through the development of epimimetic biomaterials, following these phases:
– Biomaterials related to Surface Bioengineering, based on biopolymers and nanotechnology for use as coating elements (paints) or lacquering systems. They aim to provide these systems with properties that prevent the adherence and colonisation of microorganisms and that do not have any harmful effects on our health or the environment.
– Liquid media formulations made from biomaterials. These preparations may be administered by aerosol or spray on inert surfaces or living organisms, the skin, mucous membranes, etc., trying to achieve the same properties as in the previous phase.
– Manufacture of new lifts and reconditioning of existing ones, applying the knowledge from the previous phases with the aim of creating enclosed spaces where microorganisms cannot adhere to the surfaces, doors, buttons, etc. In addition to applying knowledge of surface bioengineering, we will develop physical and biological engineering systems based on ultraviolet radiation (UV), ozone and radio frequency to be able to complete the vircidal, bactericidal and fungicidal effects of the biomaterials present on the surfaces.
– New biomaterials designed specifically for the manufacture of gloves, which can replace the current conventional latex or nitrile gloves, and for the manufacture of masks, improving the protective properties of the current surgical, FFP2 and FFP3 masks. To do this, the products developed must incorporate the following properties: flexibility, impermeability, resistance, sealing, a barrier to colonisation and protection against possible infections by microorganisms.
– Textile materials that are permeable or impermeable to air penetration, with applications in medical textiles, clothing, other textiles and home accessories. The properties of the material will be adapted to the design and its requirements, highlighting the non-adherence properties of microorganisms and the insulating, superhydrophobic/ultrahydrophobic, antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal functions. .
– As the last phase and with the knowledge acquired in the previous phases, the goal is to develop biomaterials to be applied in tissue engineering. Matrices or scaffolds for cell lines or stem cells, with the aim of repairing or regenerating damaged tissues. These scaffolds may also be useful to facilitate controlled drug release, as well as for cavity filling after aggressive surgeries, and in cosmetic and restorative medicine.